These Latin abbreviations are not interchangeable: “i.e.” means only “that is” or “in other words”; “e.g.” means only “for example” (or, for scholars or anyone who lived two thousand years ago, “id est” and “exempli gratia”). I have not found any cases that have been directly relevant, for example where a company was subject to personal jurisdiction solely because of a name change. Professor Garner gives you the keys to making the most of your writing skills – in letters, memos, briefings, and more. The seminar covers five essential skills for persuasive writing: Attend the most popular CLE seminar ever. More than 215,000 people – including lawyers, judges, trainee lawyers and paralegals – have benefited since the early 1990s. You`ll learn the keys to professional writing and learn no-frills techniques to make your letters, memos, and briefings more powerful. These femoral fractures can be caused by a variety of osteoporosis medications, for example Fosamax, Boniva, Actonel and Reclast. Most lawyers make the opposite mistake; They write “i.e.” when they mean “e.g.,” for example: “e.g.” and “e.g.” are easy to confuse, but if you remember one thing, the rest follows: “e.g.” means “example.” This article is intended to briefly educate readers on the proper use of Latin words or phrases in legal writing. It addresses two common misconceptions about when and how to use a Latin word or phrase. While the following rules and tips are particularly useful for appellate practitioners, they apply to all legal writing.
For some reason, many lawyers use Latin words or phrases to improve their legal writing, perhaps thinking it will impress their readers. However, this often has the opposite effect. Using archaic and unusual Latin not only makes your writing less clear, but you`re also more likely to make a grammatical mistake when using Latin.1 For these reasons, the use of simple English is usually superior.2 The only exception is for Latin words or phrases that have a particular legal meaning and no appropriate English equivalent. Such as “See say”, “habeas corpus” and “ex parte”. 3 In all other cases, use English instead of Latin. Once you have determined that the use of Latin is appropriate, decide whether you want to italicize the word or phrase.4 It is a common misconception to believe that a word or phrase should be italicized because it is Latin. On the contrary, Bluebook Rule 7(b) states that “Latin words and phrases commonly used in legal literature should be considered in common use in English and should not be italicized.5 However, very long Latin phrases and obsolete or unusual Latin words and phrases should remain in italics.” It also includes some examples of Latin words and phrases that are “often used in legal drafting.” 6 To determine whether a Latin word or phrase that does not appear in Rule 7(b) is “frequently used in the literature” or “obsolete or unusual” without making an arbitrary decision itself, see the latest edition of Black`s Law Dictionary.7 For simplicity, the following tables, which are not exhaustive, contain the examples given in Rule 7(b) and others: Examples not listed in Rule 7(b): as they appear in Black`s Law Dictionary (10th edition 2014).8 Sometimes a comma after. (But a comma after is still acceptable, so I`d do it automatically.) You can write both in italics, but you don`t have to.
Can`t attend our live webinar? Try our webinars at your own pace. He teaches dozens of techniques that make a big difference. Most importantly, it shows you what doesn`t work – and why – and how to cultivate dexterity. You`ll also learn what doesn`t work and why – the expertise gained through Professor Garner`s unique experience training lawyers at leading law firms across the country, state and federal courts, government agencies, and Fortune 500 companies. So, if the sentence after the abbreviation does not illustrate, that is, if it does not provide an example, use “i.e.” Are you dealing with a sensitive issue of legal interpretation? Let us take the example of Lexegesis, our allied advisory group. Did you want Professor Garner to teach your group? Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information on internal seminars. Adam M. Hapner graduated from the University of Florida`s Levin College of Law in 2014 and is currently a law clerk to the Honorable Patrick M. Hunt of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida.